Abakaliki National Insurance Practice
Abakaliki National Insurance Practice
Abakaliki National insurance refers to schemes established by the government of Ebonyi state for the alleviation of human suffering resulting in unemployment, sickness, invalidity, or old age. It was established in 2004 by the government of Dr. Sam O. Egwu with the main objective to assist low-income civil servants, petty traders, and other establishments when a loss occurred affecting their business.
The fund for sustaining the schemes is derived from contributions made by employed persons. Their employers and, in some countries such as Britain, the government.
However, national insurance in most cases is a contributory form of insurance against some human illegalities such as illness and unemployment, and eventually provided retirement pensions and societal benefits.
Origin of National Insurance
National insurance practice is a development of the twentieth century Germany under Bismarck pioneered soil insurance, followed by Britain, the Scandinavian countries, the united state of America, and other countries.
It involves the application of insurance principles to basic human needs in circumstances of personal distress.
Objective Abakaliki National Insurance Practice
i. The main objective is to assist Ebonyi civil servants whose monthly earnings cant take care of their needs by providing some monthly bonuses to help increase their salary.
ii. The reduce the poverty rate in the state to a bearest minimum.
iii. For equitable distribution of income to the benefit of all.
iv. Reduce the pains Ebonyi state indigenes go through when an unfortunate occurred affecting their business.
v. To give the indigenes of Ebonyi state a sense of belonging.
vi. It helps the government to know the number of businesses existing in its state.
vii. To provide medical treatment to an ill and disabled individual who lacks the capacity to provide for themselves
Different Between Abakaliki National Insurance and Commercial Insurance.
For clarity purposes, the difference between national insurance and commercial insurance can be seen below.
a. national insurance is designed, administered, and supervised by the government and is compulsory for those covered by the scheme, except where there is a contracting out provision.
b. In national insurance practice the relevant law state and specifies the categories of people covered by it.
c. The fund from which benefits are paid is contributed to employed person, their employers, and some countries by the government.
d. In national insurance, any already arisen disputes are settled in tribunals
e. Also in national insurance, the rate of contribution and benefit payable is ensured by the relevant laws setting up the scheme.
This class of insurance is basically profit-oriented, that is they are run with a profit motive.
1. Commercial insurance is effected as a matter of choice by a person or organization, except in a few instances of compulsory insurance.
2. Commercial insurance is a private contract between a person or organization and the insurance company concerned.
3. The sum assured is determined by the insured and the insurance company fixes the premium payable.
4. In commercial insurance, the insurance fund is a pool of premiums paid by policyholders out of which claims are paid.
5. In commercial insurance, disputes are settled by negotiation, arbitration, or litigation.
In most cases, the National Insurance contributions will be automatically deducted from your salary, so you won’t need to do anything.
It applies to each pay period. Depending on how often you get paid, it could be weekly, monthly, or a different time period.
This means if you earn extra in one month, you’ll pay extra National Insurance. But you won’t be able to claim the extra back, even if your pay is lower during the other months of the tax year.
Are you self-employed? Then your National Insurance contributions will be calculated based on your Self Assessment tax return. They’ll be paid at the same time as Income Tax.